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2017年职称英语理工类A级新增文章篇目(一)_职称英语考试

时间2018-06-01 来源:小人怀土网

  核心提示:阳春三月,夭夭碧枝,皎皎风荷,暖风熏醉,染了春扉。安静的午后,静静的梳理着自己的思绪,轻轻的敲打着心语,不想惊扰沉睡的记忆,不想扯住渐行渐远的思绪。初春的日头,终究是有了暖意的了,鹅黄的嫩绿轻轻浅浅的...
 

标题:Small But Wise小而聪明

  On December 14,NASA1 blasted a small but mighty telescope into space. The telescope is

  12月14日,美国国家航空航天局发射了一个体积小而威力大的望远镜,它的名字叫“WISE”(聪明)

  called WISE and is about as wide around as a trashcan. Don't let its small size fool you:WISE has

  大约只有一个垃圾盒子那么宽。你可千万不要轻视这个小东西,WISE可是一款高强数码相机

  a powerful digital camera, and it will be taking pictures of some the wildest objects2 in the known

  它将在人类已知的宇宙里拍摄任何你所

  universe,including asteroids,faint stars,blazing galaxies3 and giant clouds of dust where planets

  能想到的天体,包括小行星、那些只能看到微弱的光和因燃烧而无法观察到的天

  and stars are born.

  体,以及自行星和恒星诞生以来的巨大尘埃云

  "I'm very excited because we're going to be seeing parts of the universe that we haven't seen

  Ned Wright是主持WISE项目的科学家他说:“我十分兴奋,因为我们就

  before,"said Ned Wright, a scientist who directs the WISE project.

  要看到以前从未看到过的那部分宇宙”。

  Since arriving in space,the WISE telescope has been circling the Earth,held by gravity in a

  到达宇宙空间后,WISE由于受极地轨道重力作用,一直在围绕地球旋转。

  polar orbit4(this means it crosses close to the north and south poles with each lap5).Its camera is

  (这意味着,每转一圈,它就离南极和北极靠近)。它的镜头是向外的,远离地球。

  pointed outward,away from the Earth,and WISE will snap a picture of a different part of the sky

  每11分钟WISE就会抓拍天空一个不同的部分。六个月之后,它将把整个天空

  every 11 minutes. After six months it will have taken pictures across原发性癫痫病症状 the entire sky.

  拍摄完毕。

  The pictures taken by WISE won't be like everyday digital photographs,however. WISE

  然而,WISE拍摄的相片不会像我们日常的数码相片。WISE是Wide-field

  stands for"Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer."As its name suggests,the WISE camera takes

  Infrared Survey Explorer(广域红外戡测探测器)的缩写。正如名字所示,WISE能

  pictures of features that give off infrared radiation6.

  Radiation is energy that travels as a wave. Visible light, including the familiar spectrum of

  辐射是波浪状行进的一种能量。人能看到的光,包括大家熟悉的、在彩虹里

  light7 that becomes visible in a rainbow,is an example of radiation. When an ordinary digital

  看到的光谱就是射线的一个例子。当普通的数码相机给一棵树照相时,它能接收

  camera takes a picture of a tree,for example,it receives the waves of visible light that are reflected off

  到树反射回来的、可见的光波。

  the tree. When these waves enter the camera through the lens,they're processed by the camera,which

  光波通过镜头进入到相机里,相机对它进行加工,

  then puts the image together.

  然后把图像合成

  Waves of infrared radiation are longer than waves of visible light, so ordinary digital cameras

  红外线的波长比可见光长,所以,普通的数码相机捕捉不到他们,人眼也看

  don't see them,and neither do the eyes of human beings. Although invisible to the eye,longer

  不到这种射线。

  infrared radiation can be detected as warmth by the skin.

  尽管人们看不到,人的皮肤能感受到较长红外线带来的温暖。

  That's a key idea to why WISE will be able to see thi河南省鹤壁人民医院癫痫科好不好ngs other telescopes can't. Not

  这就是为什么WISE能捕捉到其他望远镜看不到的物体的主要原因。宇宙

  everything in the universe shows up in visible light. Asteroids,for example,are giant rocks that

  中,不是所有的东西都以可见光的方式呈现出来。例如,小行星是在太空中漂浮

  float through space 一but they absorb most of the light that reaches them. They don't reflect light,so

  的大岩石,但是小行星吸收射到他们表面的大部分光。他们不能反射光,所以要

  they're difficult to see. But they do give off infrared radiation, so an infrared telescope like WISE will

  看到他们很困难。但他们却释放出红外线,所以,象WISE这样的红外线望远镜

  be able to produce images of them. During its mission WISE will take pictures of

  才能够捕捉到它们的图像。

  hundreds of thousands of asteroids.

  WISE的任务就是拍摄成千上万的小行星图像。

  Brown dwarfs8 are another kind of deep-space object that will show up in WISE's pictures.

  WISE的另一任务是为另外一种太空深处的天体一褐矮星拍照。这种天体是

  These objects are"failed" stars 一which means they are not massive enough to jump start9 the

  “失败的”恒星,它们是一些不够大,不能像太阳的能量那样启动相同的反应。褐

  same kind of reactions that power stars such as the sun. Instead,brown dwarfs simply shrink and

  矮星只能缩小和冷却。

  cool down. They're so dim that they're almost impossible to see with visible light, but in the

  他们发出的光如此之微弱,人们根本看不到,但是在红外

  infrared spe ctrum they glow.

  频谱中,它们是发光的。

  词汇:

  trashcan / 'træʃ,kæn/n.垃圾箱

  infrared/'infrə'red/ adj.红外线

  asteroid/'æstər河南省济源市人民医院癫痫科好不好ɔid/ n.小行星

  dwarf/dwɔ:f/ n. 矮星

  注释:

  1.NASA (美国国家航空航天局)是缩写词,全称是National Aeronautics and Space

  Administration

  2. the wildest objects :任何你能想象得到的天体。wild 有“未被人驯养的”“荒唐的”“离奇的”意思。

  3. faint stars, blazing galaxies:指的是那些只能看到微弱的光和因燃烧而无法观察到的天体。

  4. polar orbit:极地轨道。指轨道平面与赤道面夹角为90。的人造地球卫星轨道。人造卫星运行时能到达南北极区上空,即卫星能飞经全球范围的上空。需要在全球范围内进行观测和应用的气象卫星、导航卫星、地球资源卫星等都采用这种轨道。

  5. lap:一圈。原指竞赛场的一圈或游泳池的一个来回,如: She overtook the other runners on the last lap. 她最后一圈超过了其他参赛者。

  6. infrared radiation:红外线辐射

  7. spectrum of light:光谱,即,光辐射的波长分布区域。

  8. Brown dwarfs:褐矮星。褐矮星非常暗淡,很难发现它们,要确定它们的大小就更加困难。

  9.jump start: 启动

  练习:

  1 .What is so special about WISE? 什么是特别的聪明?

  A It is small in size but carries a large camera. 它是规模小,但携带大型照相机。

  B It is as small as a trashcan. 它是作为一个小垃圾桶。

  C Its digital camera can help astronomers to see the unknown space. 其数码相机可以帮助天文学家看到未知的空间。

  D Never before has a telescope carried a digital camera in space. 以前从未有一个望远镜进行数码相机的空间。

  2. Which is NOT the synonym for the word "snap" in the third paragraph? 这不是同义词的单词“卡”在第三段?

  A make. 使。

  B shoot. 拍摄的。

  C take拿走,取走;夺取,占领;抓,捕;吸引

  D photograph. 照片。

  3. The camera on WISE相机上的智慧

  A is no different from an ordinary camera. 没有什么不同,从一个普通的相机。

  B does not see infrared radiation while the ordinary camera does治疗癫痫多少钱. 不见红外辐射,而普通摄像机。

  C catches the infrared radiation while the ordinary camera does not. 有红外辐射,而普通摄像机不。

  D reflects light that human eyes can see. 反射光,人的眼睛可以看到。

  4. Which of the following is NOT correct about"asteroids" according to paragraph 7? 下列哪项是不正确的关于“小行星”根据7款?

  A Asteroids float through space giving off visible light. 小行星漂浮在空间发出可见光的。

  B Asteroids do not reflect light that reaches them. 小行星并不反映光线到达他们。

  C It is difficult to take asteroids' pictures by ordinary cameras, 它是难采取小行星的照片的普通相机,

  D The WISE telescope can take pictures of asteroids聪明的望远镜可以拍照的小行星

  5.What is implied in the last paragraph? 什么是隐含在最后一段吗?

  A Brown dwarfs give off visible light. 褐矮星发出可见光的。

  B Brown dwarfs give off infrared radiation. 褐矮星发出红外辐射。

  C Brown dwarfs are power stars like the sun. 褐矮星是类似太阳的恒星。

  D Brown dwarfs are impossible to see with the WISE telescope.褐矮星是不可能看到的和聪明的望远镜。

  答案与题解:

  1. C 短文的第一和第二段提供了答案。WISE 的特殊之处就在于,虽然体积小,但它的数码相机能拍到任何天体,所以能够帮助天文学家观测到宇宙空间中( in the known universe )的未知天文现象。其他选项都不是短文表达的意思。

  2. A snap 是个多义词,可以解释为“拍照”,更为确切的意思是“拍快照”。这里shoot, take 和photograph 都是snap 的同义词。

  3. C 短文第六段和第四段提供了答案。人类的肉眼和普通相机看到的光是visible lights ,看不见红外线辐射( infrared radiation) ,而WISE 的相机能够看到。

  4. A 短文第七段第二句说并非所有的宇宙中的物体都会发出可见光,比如asteroids ,所以A是正确选项。其他选项的内容都可以在该段中找到。

  5. B 最后一段的第一句说,褐矮星能出现在WISE 照片中,根据上文对WISE 望远镜的描述只有WISE 望远镜才能拍到红外线射线,所以B是正确选择。

作者:不详 来源:网络
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